The Hampshire Seat of King George IV as Prince
of Wales (later, Prince Regent), 1788 to 1795

Home      3 Notes: Kempshott House
                                          C.A.M.B.          (St Louis) City Art Museum Bulletin
                                                C.L.           Country Life
                                                H.C.          Hampshire Chronicle
                                             H.R.O.          Hampshire Record Office
                                                R.A.           Royal Archives
                                                R.L.           Royal Library
                                               R.M.           Reading Mercury
                                          S.L.A.M.          St Louis Art Museum, Missouri, USA.
  1     A.E. Richardson and H.D. Eberlein, The Smaller English House of the Later Renaissance,
         1660 to 1830, (1925), p.59. The Prince's exactness is shown in the many plans of Holland's
         rejected by the Prince for the original Marine Pavilion, Brighton.
  2     Ibid, pp.59-61; RA GEO/MAIN/35337-8, John (later, baronet) Anstruther to John Willett Payne,
         29 Sept. 1793, mentions the £4,300 figure; A. Aspinall, The Correspondence of George, Prince of
         Wales, 1770-1812 (VIII vols., 1963-71), I, p.304. Holland's estimate for the furnishing of Carlton
         House, dated 14 May 1787, suggests a sum of £5,500;
         The original Marine Pavilion, having begun as Thomas Kemp's farmhouse, was purchased by Louis
         Weltje, the Prince's Comptroller of the Kitchen and Cellar, in 1787, for £5,850, and leased to the
         Prince for £1,000 p.a.  Henry Holland then transformed it into a neo-classical wooden-framed
         villa. The Prince purchased the Pavilion and gardens for £17,000 in 1807, with the familiar onion-
         shaped cupolas having been added in 1804 by the architect, P.F. Robinson.
  3     H.R.O. 10 M57/SP 368, George Robins' Auction Catalogue for Thursday 3 June, 1830.  Kempshott 
         House had undergone no substantial changes at this time.
  4     R.L. 29634 Kempshott House Elevation; R.L. 29635 Plan of the Basement Storey; 
         R.L. 29636 Plan of the Principal Storey; R.L. 29637 Plan of the Bed Chamber Storey. 
  5     H.R.O. 10 M57/SP 368, op.cit.; M. Girouard, Life in the English Country House, (1978), p.126.
  6     C.L., 13 Oct. 1988, p.260; C.A.M.B., XV, 2 April 1930, p.28; A.E. Richardson, op.cit., pp.59-61.
  7     S.L.A.M. E16/42:1929; C.L., 13 Oct. 1988, p.260.
  8     Girouard, op.cit., p.153.
  9     H.R.O. 10 M57/SP 368, op.cit.; Jane Geddes: 'The Prince of Wales at The Grange, Northington: 
         An Inventory of 1795', Journal of the Furniture History Society, XXII (1986), p.190; 
         R.L. 29636, op.cit; Girouard, op.cit., pp.230, 239.
10     R.L. 29636, ibid; Geddes, ibid, p.189.
11     R.L. 29635, Plan of the Basement Storey; Geddes, op.cit., p.192; Girouard, op.cit., pp.208, 
         276-80; J.M. Beattie, The English Court in the Reign of George I (1967), pp.46-7; 
         J. Richardson, George IV, A Portrait (1966), p.20.
12     R.L. 29637, op.cit; Geddes, op.cit., p.186.
13     R.L. 29636, op.cit.; Geddes, op.cit., p.180. Inventory to the Billiard Room.
14     R.L. 29635, op.cit.; H.R.O. 10 M57/SP 368, op.cit.; Aspinall, op.cit, I, p.130, II, p.27; 
         Beattie, op.cit., pp. 84, 86, 88-90; H.R.O. 24 M49 19, Diary, 2 Feb. to 13 Sept. 1860; 
         H.R.O. 24 M49 20, Diary, 16 Sept. 1860 - 1 Jan. 1861; J. Richardson, op.cit., p.19; 
         Geddes, op.cit., pp.195-6.
15     H.R.O. M62/15, Customer Accounts for John Ring, Auctioneer and Furnisher, Oct. 1792 - July 1796,
         ff. 175, 212, 252, 71.
16     Egerton Castle (ed.), The Jerningham Letters, (1780 - 1843), (1896), I; R.M., 1379, 23 June 1788; 
         C. Hibbert, George IV, Prince of Wales (1972), p.111; Aspinall, op.cit., II, p.148n; 
         J. Richardson, op.cit., p.40, 53-4.
17     H.R.O. 72 M92/7/9, letter, Powlett to Miss Temple, 25 Jan. 1791.
18     H.R.O. 72 M92/7/10, letter, Powlett to Miss Temple, 16 Feb. 1791.
19     H.R.O. 72 M92/7/7, letter, Powlett to Mrs Powlett, 13 June 1790.
20     H.C., 964, 6 June 1791.
21     R.M., 1378, 16 June 1788; Hibbert, op.cit., pp.106-7; Aspinall, op.cit., II, pp.286-7. Libellous
         extremes suggested that the Duke of York was a potential criminal.
22     Aspinall, op.cit., II, pp.226, 286.
23     H.R.O. 1 M44/100/13, Letter, 14 November 1792.
24     Aspinall, op.cit., II, p.226; The Times, 2437, 13 Oct. 1792.
25     The Times, 2468, 19 Nov. 1792. The Prince allotted £60,000 p.a. for the discharge of his debts;
         The Times, 2478, 30 Nov. 1792; Aspinall, op.cit., II, p.303; H.C., 1011, 9 July 1792. Stockbridge
         House was reported as having been purchased from Mr G. Phillips; H.C., 1028, 5 Nov. 1792;
         H.C., 1021 [sic] - should have read1032, 3 Dec. 1792.
26     RA GEO/MAIN/35335, Anstruther to Bicknell, 11 Sept. 1793; 
         RA GEO/MAIN/35337-8, Anstruther to Payne, 29 Sept. 1793.
27     Hibbert, op.cit., p.128.
28     RA GEO/MAIN/35337-8, op.cit
29     Hibbert, op.cit., p.128, p.130 - quote of Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
30     Aspinall, op.cit., II, p.446 - quote of Sir William Wraxall; Hibbert, op.cit., pp.130-1.
31     The Times, n.n., 7 Aug. 1794. The Prince reportedly settled £3,000 p.a. on Mrs Fitzherbert, giving
         her a total income of £4,800 p.a.
32     Aspinall, op.cit., II, p.443n.
33     J. Richardson, The Disastrous Marriage, (1960), p.21.
34     Aspinall, op.cit., II, pp.406-7.
35     Diaries and Correspondence of James Harris, First Earl of Malmesbury, (1844). Diary, 28 November
         (should read 20 November), 8 and 12 December 1794, 21 January, 18 February, 6 March 1795.
         Malmesbury's dates and days are very inaccurate in places; 
         H. Colburn, Memoirs of Lady Hester Stanhope, (1845).
36     Ibid., Malmesbury. Letter, Malmesbury to L. Crawford, 10 April 1795.
37     B. Dobree, The Letters of King George III (1968), pp.251-2: George III to Pitt, 24 Aug. 1794.
38     Malmesbury, op.cit. Diary, 5 April.
39     Malmesbury, op.cit. Diary, no dates entered.
40     Malmesbury, op.cit. Diary, no dates entered; Hibbert, op.cit., p.146-7; Gentleman's Magazine, LXV,
         5, May1795, p.430. The other Supporter was the Duke of Roxburgh; Aspinall, op.cit., III, pp.2, 3.
         Dr Moore, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was apprehensive when uttering the words 'any person
         knowing of a lawful impediment'.
41     C. Bamford and the 7th Duke of Wellington, The Journal of Mrs Arbuthnot, I, (1950);
         R.M., 1734, 13 April 1795.
42     B. Connell, Portrait of a Whig Peer Compiled from the Papers of the Second Viscount Palmerston,
         1739-1802, (1957), p.315. The Prince and Lady Jersey were at Kempshott on 10 March, despite
         the Princess being 'expected very soon'; Aspinall, op.cit., II, p.482n. Lady Jersey had her bed in the
         Prince's dressing room at the Brighton Pavilion, according to Lord Minto; 
         H.C., 1187, 24 Oct. 1795. Lady Jersey was two months pregnant in March 1795, giving  birth to a
         son on 21 Oct., at her house in Brighton; The Times, 3419, 22 Oct. 1795. Her house was on the
         Steine, Brighton, which she shared with Lord Jersey, and 'to prevent their being disturbed by
         noises in the street, the road has been littered and the drums silenced'
         The Times, 3624, 29 June 1796. A growing contretemps between the Princess and Lady Jersey led
         to the former's resignation as a lady of the bedchamber. Her husband, the 4th Earl of Jersey,
         and Master of the Horse to the Prince, also resigned.
43     Aspinall, op.cit., III, pp.122-3.
44     Aspinall, op.cit., III, pp. 64, 75. Princess Elizabeth to the Prince of Wales, 26 May 1795 and 
         7 July 1795.
45     Malmesbury, op.cit. Diary, 22 November 1794. Malmesbury learned of: '... all the young German
         Princesses ... had learnt English in hopes of being Princess of Wales - she [Caroline's Mother] never
         would give the idea to Caroline ... as the King had often expressed his dislike to the marriage of
46     J.M. Stratton & J. Houghton Brown, Agricultural Records A.D. 220 - 1977, (1978), p.91;
         H.C., 1170, 29 June 1795. Wheat prices at Basingstoke were 60s. to 70s. per quarter;
         H.C., 1185, 10 Oct. 1795. Wheat prices had risen to £4  8s. 6d. per quarter by Oct., at Winchester
         Corn Market; H.R.O.  24 M49 19, Terry to Miss Terry, n.d.; H.R.O. 24 M49 22, Terry Diaries. Entry for
         June 1861 reads 'The German Baron with his Hawks used to visit the Marquis Townsend first and
         Major Wilson at Didlington afterwards in Norfolk'.
47     Ibid., H.R.O. 24 M49 19; Lady Cunynghame, most likely, was the wife of Sir William Cunynghame,
         bart., Clerk Comptroller of the Household (from 1779). I am most grateful to Windsor Castle for
         this information; Aspinall, op.cit., II & III. The Princess corresponded in French until Oct. 1796.
48     A.M.W. Stirling (ed.), The Diaries of Dummer (1934), pp.75, 78.
49     James Edward Austen-Leigh, Recollections of the Early Days of the Vine Hunt (1865), p.37.
50     'Aesop', Sporting Reminiscences of Hampshire, From 1745 to 1862, (1864), p.4.
51     Stirling, op.cit, p.79; Aspinall, op.cit., II, pp.3-4.
52     J. Richardson, op.cit., p.25.
53     Aspinall, op.cit, II, p.326; Hibbert, op.cit., p.106n. The Prince's weight in 1797 was 17 stones and
         8 pounds; 'Aesop', op.cit, p.30.
54     The Times, 2101, 13 Aug. 1791; Hibbert, op.cit., pp.102, 104-5; Stirling, op.cit., p.75.
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